I don’t think there will be many Muslims who haven’t heard about the Jinn but how much do we really know about them? There are many tales and stories about jinns – some made up and some true but we should always, in all endeavours, look towards the Qur’an and Sunnah to get knowledge about anything to do with deen and duniya – there is always Guidance from Allah there, be it science, social affairs, politics, character, or learning about the existence of other beings, such as the Jinn.
Essentially Jinn are made from smokeless flame of fire. There are good Jinn who are Muslim and there are evil Jinn. The leader of the evil Jinn is iblees (shaytaan). Iblees is not one of the angels, as is told by the Christians, but iblees was amongst the angels and given a high rank amongst the jinn. The arrogance and disobedience of iblees was exposed by Allah, when iblees was Ordered to prostrate before Prophet Adam (as). It is at this crucial point that iblees declared his enmity of mankind and sought to mislead humans by way of his evil and subtle whispers.
It is important that we learn about the jinn as some are mischief-makers and we share this world with them. In addition, there are some bad humans who work with jinns, in order to mislead people from following and putting their belief in Allah alone. The sufis and berailwis in particular have many stories amongst them about black magic and jinn, which does not inspire confidence in the way they practise their ‘version’ of Islam (typically bits of Islam mixed with falsehood).
An excellent book about Jinn is the one written by Dr. Umar Al-Ashqar, which you can download from this post – The World of the Jinn and Devils. I have written a few excerpts from the book below.
”And remember when we said unto the angels: Fall prostrate before Adam, and they fell prostrate, all save Iblees. He was of the Jinn, so he rebelled against his Lords command (al-Kahf 20). Furthermore, it has also been confirmed from an authentic text that the jinn are not the same as the angels or as the humans. The Prophet said, The angels have been created from light, the jinn from fire and Adam was created from clay. (This was recorded in Sahih Muslim) Al-Hasan al-Basri said, Iblees was not from the angels even for the blinking of an eye. (Quoted from ibn Katheer, al-Bidaaya wa al-Nihaaya vol. 1, p.79)
The residence of the jinn and their places and the times that they can be found
The jinn live upon the same earth as humans do. Most of them can be found among the ruins and dilapidated areas, as well as the places where there are many impure things, such as, bathrooms, hashish dens, the places of the camels, cemeteries. For that reason, as Ibn Taimiya said, those people who are close to Satan usually inhibit such areas. There are hadith that say that one should not pray in bathrooms due to the impurities present and because it is the abode of Satan, or in cemeteries as this leads to polytheism and it is also a home for the devils. Many of them are in the places which may be sources of evil, such as the marketplaces. The Prophet (peace be upon him) gave the following advice to one of his Companions:
If you can, do not be the first one to enter the marketplace. And do not be the last to leave it. For they are the places of Satan and therein he raises his banner. This hadith was recorded in Sahih Muslim.
The devils live in the same houses in which people live. One can stop them from entering or repel them from such houses by mentioning Allah upon entering those houses, by remembering or mentioning Allah (dhikr), reciting the Quran, in particular, surah al-Baqara and the Verse of the Throne (verse 255 of that surah). The Prophet (peace be upon him) stated that the devils spread out and roam about increasingly when the dark first comes, and, therefore, he has advised Muslims to
bring in their children during that period of time. This is stated in a hadith that was recorded by both AI-Bukhari and Muslim. And the devils run away from the call to prayer and cannot stand listening to it. And in the month of Ramadhaan they are chained.
They preceded mankind in matters related to space
The jinn used to go to the lowest heaven to eavesdrop on the inhabitants of the heavens in order to find out what event would occur in the future. When the Prophet (pbuh) was sent with his message the number of guards in the heavens were increased. Allah says in the Quran:
And (the Jinn who had listened to the Quran said): We had sought the heaven but had found it filled with strong warders and meteors. And we used to sit on places (high) therein to listen. But he who listens now finds a flame in wait for him (al-Jinn S-9).
The Prophet (peace be upon him) himself described how the jinn tried to steal the messages in the heaven. Abu Huraira reported that the Prophet (peace be upon him) informed him, When Allah decrees a matter in heaven, the angels move their wings in submission to His word which is like a chain on a smooth stone. When their hearts are delivered from fear they say, What did your Lord say? and receive the reply, That which He said is the truth and He is the Most High and the Most Great. Then those who listen by stealth hear it (i.e., the jinn), and they are like this, some above others (and Sufyan, a narrator, illustrated this point by turning his hand over and separating the fingers). Then one who hears the word passes it on to the one below him, and so forth until one of them passes it to the tongue of a soothsayer or diviner. Often a flame catches him before he is able to pass it on. He then mixes with it one hundred lies. People then ask, Isnt it true that he not made such a a specific date, and he is believed because of that one word which was heard from the heavens. (Recorded by al-Bukhari).
The ways of Satan in leading humans astray
Satan does not come to the human and say, Leave this good deed and do this evil deed in order to make your life in this world and the next a miserable one. If he behaved in that manner no one would follow him. Instead, he uses many ways to deceive the slaves of Allah
- Making evil look good
- Giving pleasing names to forbidden things
- Going to extremes
- Satan hinders the slave from acting by means of procrastination and laziness
- False Promises and hopes
- Satan appears as a sincere advisor to humans
- He uses a step-by-step approach to misguide mankind
- The slave of Allah is made to forget what is good and best for him
- Making the believers fear his supporters
- He gets to the person through what the person loves or desires
- Casting doubts in the person’s mind
- Alcohol, games of chance, idols and divining arrows
- Human weaknesses
- Women and the love of this world
- Singing and music
- Making Muslims lackadaisical in fulfilling what they have been ordered to do
Those who are served by the devils get close to them by way of sinful acts
Those who believe that they have been granted special powers and consider themselves special devotees of Allah are actually just being served by the devils. There is no doubt that they get close to the devils by way of what they love of disbelief and idolatry. Ibn Taimiya says that many of those people write the Word of Allah in impure substances and they invert the letters of the Quran, either the words of surah al-Fatiha, surah al-Ikhlas or other verses. And they write the Word of Allah in blood or other impure substances. And they write or make other statements that are pleasing to Satan. If they say or write what is pleasing to the devils, then the devils aid them in satisfying some of their desires, such as transforming water or transporting them in the air to some places. Or they might steal wealth from other treacherous people who do not mention Allahs name over it and bring it to some of their selected friends and so on.
It is mentioned in the explanation to the Creed of at-Tahaawi, There are some devils that the people call invisible men. Some people converse with them. They perform for the people some miracles that make the humans believe that they are close friends of Allah. Some of them aid the polytheists against the Muslims. Some say that the
Messenger ordered them to kill the Muslims along with the polytheists because the Muslims were sinful.
The commentator to the Creed noted, In reality they are the brothers of the polytheists. The people of knowledge are in three groups with respect to invisible men:
- One group denies the existence of such invisible men. But the people have witnessed them. And it is confirmed that some trustworthy people have witnessed them and have related what they saw. And if they would were to see them and confirm their existence they would submit to them.
- A group that admits their existence and accepts it as a will of Allah. They believe, therefore, that there is a hidden path to Allah other then the path of the Prophets.
- A group that rules out the existence of patrons of Allah outside of the framework of the Messenger but they believe both groups have received help from Allah. These people give glorification to the Messenger, being ignorant of his religion and laws. Then he says, making clear what they and their followers are: The truth of the matter is that they are all followers of the devils. The invisible men are nothing but jinn who are called men, as Allah Says, Indeed men of the humans used to invoke the protection of men of the Jinn (al-Jinn 6). And the humans have company with them and witness and see them. Sometimes they cannot be seen but it is not the case that they always keep themselves hidden from mankind. Those who think that they are humans are
mistaken and ignorant.
Download this excellent book, masha’Allah – The World of the Jinn and Devils.
In addition, you may find this YouTube video interesting where a Jinn interrupts a live phone call.
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